The School of Health Sciences will be widely recognized as a premier educator of health science professionals who are known for disciplinary excellence, multidisciplinary respect, cultural fluency and thoughtful leadership.
We want students of each profession to be at the leading edge of their discipline, to work with and respect the disciplinary knowledge of other health professionals, serve diverse human factors in different work arenas, and apply leadership principles in a values-oriented and needs-based way.
The School operates in a culture of assessment, dialogue and innovation to meet challenges and create necessary changes for developing quality health care professionals.
Email information is followed by @css.edu unless otherwise noted.
1999 M.A. (Exercise Physiology)
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN.
1990 Ph.D. (Higher Education)
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
1979 M.S. (Medical Technology)
University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND.
1976 B.A. (Medical Technology)
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN.
Larry has been teaching at the college level for over 30 years, which includes two universities, a private college and a community college. Recent courses taught include ECG and Graded Exercise Testing, Cardiovascular Physiology, Applied Exercise Physiology, and Biomechanics. Larry is the EXP Department Chair and Graduate Program Director. Larry has published five research articles in peer-reviewed journals and has written several articles for online journals.
Larry's teaching philosophy is to try to make course content real for students by including real life applications. If students can associate material with real life situations, they are more likely to understand it and remember it. His door is always open to students.
Larry is an outdoor enthusiast and thoroughly enjoys what the Duluth area has to offer in outdoor activities.
B. A. University of St. Thomas-Biology (1991)
B. S. University of Minnesota-Physical Therapy (1993)
M. S. The Ohio State Universtiy-Neurologic Rehabilitation (2007)
Ph. D. The Ohio State University-Rehabilitation Science (2012)
Dr. Borstad teaches in the areas of neuroscience, neurologic rehabilitation, motor control, and research. She is a faculty member for the international service learning course to Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.
Dr. Borstads research has focused restoration of sensorimotor control of the upper limb following stroke. Within this broad topic she has contributed to work on the mechanisms associated with positive neuroplasticity associated with sensory rrehabilitation and Constraint Induced Movement Therapy. She contributed to the development of a Virtual Reality Game for upper limb rehabilitation post stroke, called Recovery Rapids. In collaboration with colleagues in computer science she is working on the development and validation of two measures of somatosensation.
Education: BA Biology, St. Olaf College, 1987; BS Physical Therapy, University of Minnesota, 1993; PhD Rehabilitation Science, University of Minnesota, 2004.
Scholarship: Dr. Borstad's research evaluates soft tissue alterations at the shoulder and their effects on shoulder biomechanics and he is also studying the relationships among tissue tightness, motion and pain at the shoulder. He has authored or co-authored over twenty-five peer-reviewed manuscripts, three textbook chapters and is an editor of Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques.
Teaching: Biomechanics for Physical Therapy; Musculoskeletal Science and Applications; Evidence-Based Practice in Rehabilitation; Advanced Therapeutic Progressions; Small Group Research Practicum.
Service: Dr. Borstad is engaged in state, national and international activities related to the physical therapy profession including abstract and grant reviewing and continuing education assessment. He is on the Board of Directors for St. Ann's Residence in Duluth.
Phone: (612) 325-9742
1. Introduction / Background
PhD, Capella University in Information Technology with a focus in Information Assurance and Security in 2015
BA in HIM from The College of St. Scholastica in 2003
BA in Computer Science/Information Systems from The College of St. Scholastica in 2003
MA in HIM from The College of St. Scholastica in 2006
PhD Candidate - Estimated Completion 2015
2. Current Roles, Associations, Affiliations
Danika started her career as a Director of Health Information in a LTC Facility in Minneapolis, MN. Next, she moved to Alllina Hospitals and Clinics where she worked as a HIM Supervisor, Manager of Revenue Cycle Improvement, and a Regional Manager of Health Information Management. In 2010, she joined the CSS HIIM Faculty as an Assistant Professor and a HIT Consultant for the REACH Program. Danika has served as the subject matter expert for healthcare Privacy and Security for The College of St. Scholastica and REACH. The REACH program has been successful in educating over 200 individuals on privacy and security requirements in healthcare as well as supporting with different tools.
Professionally, Danika has served on the MHIMA Board of Directors in many different role, most recently Past-President of MHIMA from 2014-2015 and Past President from 2014-2015. Danika was recently elected as a Delegate to the American Health Information Management Association's Board of Directors.
3. Interests / Specialties
Danika's interests include anything Privacy and Security related, specially related to HIPAA and HITECH. She also is very interested Information Governance, EHR implementation and Optimization, workflow redesign, physician engagement with an EHR, project management and Meaningful Use.
4. Recent Publications, Presentations and Recognitions
Co-author with Janelle Wapola, MA, RHIA, of the chapter titled: Electronic Health Record: Applications in Practice.Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles and Practices (4th Ed) published by the American Health Information Management Association. This text is scheduled for publication in 2012.
2010 Recipient of the AHIMA Triumph Award in the Rising Star Category
5. Teaching philosophy
Danika's is still working on developing her teaching philosophy
A Personal Note
I married my college sweetheart in October 2004. Together we are on the adventure of raising two little busy girls, Taylor (8) and Piper (6). I love watching my children grow and learn more each and every day. Even when life seems too much and stressful, a hug from my babies is all I need! I am a lucky mommy.
Dawn has been with the College for almost 12 years and transferred to the PA Department about a year ago after being the Administrative Assistant for the School of Health Sciences. She is a graduate of CSS and received her BA in Organizational Behaviors in December of 2015. She is happily married and has two daughters. In her downtime, she loves fishing, reading, spending time with her family, and watching football (Skol Vikings!!).
Dr. Cleary is a family physician who has been in practice in Grand Rapids, Minnesota since 1997. She is originally from North Dakota. She attended Macalester College and the University of Minnesota Medical School, obtaining the first 2 years of her medical education at the Duluth campus. She completed her Family Medicine residency at North Memorial Medical Center and then spent several years in Boise, Idaho before returning to northern Minnesota. While in Idaho she worked in a small family medicine practice, and then as faculty at the Family Practice Residency of Idaho. She joined the PA program as Medical Director in 2015. Her interests include longitudinal care and clinical teaching.
Former Child Protection Division Manager for Ramsey County Community Human Services for nine years. Seventeen years in child welfare services with Ramsey County. National presentations/ workshops in Washington, California, Missouri, Arizona, Pennsylvania, Washington, DC and Maryland on disproportionality in child welfare, transformational systems change, kinship care, poverty and neglect issues and anti-racism leadership development, implementation and training. Interests include traveling, child welfare and authentic race dialogue facilitation.
Steve joined the Occupational Therapy Program at CSS in the summer of 2013 and served as the Department Chair until August of 2018. He is currently a full-time faculty member in the Occupational Therapy Department. He earned his bachelor degree from the University of Minnesota-Duluth (1980), MOT degree from Western Michigan University (1983), and ScD from Boston University-Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (1997). Prior to coming to CSS, Steve was a Professor in the Occupational Therapy Department and Director of the Rehabilitation Science Program at Concordia University Wisconsin. Steve is teaching courses related to evidence-based practice in occupational therapy. Steve’s research interests include motor control and motor learning basis of pediatric interventions including constraint-induced movement therapy, motor imagery, and intensive interventions for children with cerebral palsy.
M.A. - Exercise Physiology
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota; 2000
B.A. - Chemistry
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota; 1979
2007 - Present: Assistant Professor
Department of Exercise Physiology, College of St. Scholastica
2003 - 2007 : Instructor
Department of Exercise Physiology, CSS
2000 - 2003 : Instructor
Department of Chemistry, CSS
1987 - 2000 : Assistant Instructor
Department of Chemistry, CSS
EXP 3323 - Sports Nutrition
EXP 3331 - Exercise Physiology
EXP 3332 - Physiological Assessment
EXP 3334 - Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation
EXP 4441 - Advanced Lab Research
EXP 6522 - Biochemistry, Nutrition and Exercise
EXP 6532 - Professional Development of Exercise Physiology
EXP 6540 - Psychophysiology of Health and Exercise
HSC 4700 - Health Care Interdisciplinary Leadership
Exercise Physiology Interest Areas:
John believes in recognizing students as individuals with unique abilities, skills and challenges. An outgrowth of this philosophy is to help them recognize and overcome their personal challenges while maximizing their knowledge and abilities and encouraging them to demonstrate the attitude and behaviors of a health care professional. This philosophy also leads to the recognition that learning takes place not only in the classroom but also in the lab and in interactions outside of formal learning situations. Programs such as the SHAPE UP personal fitness program which John developed and currently oversee, allows students to gain experience in a professional setting before their formal internship experience.
John was born and raised in Northern Minnesota and graduated with a degree in chemistry from the College of St. Scholastica. He spent most of the next decade working in chemistry labs in industry, government and academia before returning to CSS to teach and supervise labs in the chemistry department. After being diagnosed with diabetes, John entered the Master's program in exercise physiology to gain a better understanding of the disease and the affect that exercise has on it. Upon completion of the degree John was invited to teach several courses in the Department of Exercise Physiology which ultimately lead to a full-time appointment in EXP.
John tries to maintain his health and fitness through an overall exercise regimen that includes running, strength training and stretching. On a more recreational level, John stays physically active with year-round outdoor activities - in-line skating and kayaking on Lake Superior in the summer and cross-country skiing and snowshoeing when we have snow.
Emily Didlo joined the Department of Occupational Therapy as the Administrative Assistant in 2017. Emily earned her associate degree from the Medical Administrative Specialist program at Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College in Superior in 2009 and her Bachelor of Arts degree in Communicating Arts from the University of Wisconsin Superior in 2013. She was a Student Services Assistant at Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College in Superior for four years before joining the College of St. Scholastica community. One fun fact about Emily is that she used to be a radio announcer in college and just out of college.
Emily is currently working towards her MBA in Leadership and Change at The College of St. Scholastica.
Emily enjoys anything musical and caffeinated. She has been playing piano for 20 years, likes to find old records at estate/yard sales, and always has music playing wherever she goes. Coffee and Christmas are her favorite things, and wishes she could sing Christmas carols all year long. Her growing book collection keeps her place nice and cluttered, and can't even let herself wander around a library for too long without taking home numerous books to add to her piles.
Cindy teaches SWK 4441 Social Work with Communities, focusing on social work with communities/macro systems. Cindi has worked for several years in community organizing projects, including East Hillside PATCH, is a CSS alumnus, and joined us in 2006.
Nancy has been an Assistant Professor in the Occupational Therapy Program at The College of St. Scholastica for 19 years. She received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Occupational Therapy from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee, and her Master of Science degree in Therapeutic Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From 2000 – 2008 Nancy worked as a consultant for the Fetal Alcohol Diagnostic Program in Duluth, MN. Prior to working at St. Scholastica, Nancy worked for 12 years as an occupational therapist with the Duluth Public Schools. Nancy’s teaching responsibilities have focused primarily on pediatric occupational therapy. In addition, Nancy has taught for four years in St. Scholastica’s Dignitas Program. Nancy’s scholarship and research interests include: the role of occupational therapy in addressing the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, occupational therapy intervention for children with handwriting needs, and occupational therapy intervention for children with sensory processing disorders.
Shawn Garvey, MS, PA-C is a physician assistant originally from Michigan and has a degree in biology from University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. She graduated from the physician assistant program at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. She began her practice in pediatrics and then family practice in rural Minnesota. Shawn joined CSS as faculty and Director of Curriculum in 2014. She has a special interest in patient education. She continues to see patients one day a week in Allergy at Essentia Health with an emphasis on telemedicine rural outreach.
"Eductation is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think. " Albert Einstein
Connie Gunderson, PhD., MSW, LISW, is an associate professor at the College of St. Scholastica. Having completed her undergraduate studies at the College of St. Scholastica, she moved and worked in Germany until 2012. She completed her MSW at the Alice Salomon Hochschule in Berlin, and received her PhD at the University of Bremen. Dr. Gunderson has worked in the field of social work for over 30 years. As an instructor, her areas of scholarly expertise include human trafficking, gender studies, and international social work research. As a relational cultural therapist, her clinical foci has been on women, trauma and addiction and addressing the needs of families. As a researcher, she has completed studies of human trafficking in Germany and the European Union. She has published books and articles addressing social issues such as human trafficking, diversity, and gender. Dr. Gunderson has international teaching and advisory partnerships with diverse universities and colleges in Europe and the United States.
Carolyn Jahr, MS, PA-C is a physician assistant who has served the Northeastern Minnesota patient population since 2008. Prior to becoming a faculty member, she practiced in general surgery, with additional experience in colorectal, vascular, and bariatric subspecialties. She was the first PA to be employed by her surgical practice, and served as the inaugural program coordinator for a local weight loss surgery program. She has additional practice experience in an urgent care setting.
Throughout her clinical career, Carolyn has enjoyed serving as a clinical preceptor for physician assistant students, and as a mentor for individuals interested in pursuing the PA profession. Her special interests include team-based healthcare delivery and PA practice integration. She resides locally with her husband and two daughters, and is a graduate of the Springfield College Physician Assistant Program in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Dr. Killough’s teaching areas in the entry level program include Cardiopulmonary Evaluation and Management, Physiological Response to Injury and Exercise, Systems Screening and Management I, Patient Client Management I and II, Multiple Systems, Geriatric Evaluation and Management. In the tDPT her teaching areas are Diagnostic Imaging and Differential Systems Screening.
Kathy has been with the Physical Therapy program since 2005. She earned her AAS in Health Information in 2000 along with her Registered Health Information Technician certification. Kathy has a wide range of record management in various fields including Child Protection, Dialysis, OP Clinic, and Long Term Care. She currently works as the Administrative Assistant for the department ensuring that faculty and students have the support they need to achieve program goals and outcomes.
Education: BA Health Sciences, College of St. Scholastica, 1993; MA Physical Therapy, College of St. Scholastica, 1995; ScD Physical Therapy, Texas Tech University, 2018.
Teaching Responsibilities: Current responsibilities include: Examination and Evaluation I & II; Musculoskeletal Evaluation and Management; Multi-System Evaluation and Management; and Patient Client Management III and IV.
Research Interests: Pain science, clinical reasoning, neurodynamics, mobilization/manipulation, essential soft skills (e.g. motivational interviewing and therapeutic relationships) and tissue loading/progression in rehabilitation. Professional: Mr. Kittelson is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), the American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapists (AAOMPT), and an APTA orthopaedic and education section member. He is an orthopedic certified specialist (OCS) as certified by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, and a certified orthopedic manual therapist (COMT) for the extremities. He is currently (2016-2018) an orthopedic residency mentor for Evidence in Motion (EIM). Clinical experience: Primarily outpatient outpatient orthopedics. Experience in these other areas of practice: inpatient and outpatient neurological, home health care, inpatient/acute care, skilled nursing facilities, vestibular rehabilitation,and occupational medicine/industry.
Dr. Kim Kruger is a family physician who has been educating medical professionals since 2000. She grew up in New Ulm, MN and attended Gustavus Adolphus College. She received her medical doctorate from the University of MInnesota Medical School and completed her residency in family medicine at St. John's Hospital in Maplewood, Minn. She enjoyed practicing rural family medicine for many years in Buffalo and Cokato, MN before joining the faculty at the University of Minnesota-Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program in 2004. After 10 years as faculty and program director, she joined the CSS faculty as inaugural chairperson of the Physician Assistant program in 2014. She completed her MBA in 2014 at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. She is passionate about women's health, geriatrics and rural medicine.
M.A., Physical Therapy - The College of St. Scholastica, 2001
DPT, Physical Therapy - The College of St. Scholastica, 2012
Dalerie started a full time appointment with the physical therapy department in 2010. Areas of clinical expertise include vestibular rehabilitation and integration of Pilates based exercise with rehabilitation. She completed American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) competency based training in vestibular rehabilitation at Emory University and advanced APTA competency training at Duke University. She currently practices at Essentia Polinsky providing vestibular rehabilition. Additionally, Ms. Lieberz has completed over 100 hours of training in Pilates exercise methods including completion of Stott mat and reformer coursework. Ms. Lieberz is an active member of the APTA and recognized as a Geriatric Clinical Specialist (GCS).
Dalerie is the Director of Clinical Education which involves coordinating integrated clinical experiences and community based internships for DPT students. Her primary teaching responsibilities within the DPT program involve coordinating the four course Patient Client Management Series (PCM I-IV). The PCM series is offered across the 1st and 2nd years of the DPT program, emphasizing integration of didactic course work and application of clinical skills to patients, which provides students with opportunities to develop competency prior to clinical internships. Dalerie is responsible for organizing the pro bono student PT clinic on campus. Additionally, she is responsible for placing students in full time internships and following students while progressing with internships. She is an APTA credentialed clinical instructor. Other teaching responsibilities in Physical Therapy include vestibular rehabilitation.
Julie is a Duluth-area native who comes to CSS after 30 years as the Program Manager at the Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program in Duluth, Minn. Her skills include curriculum development, budget management, student and faculty recruitment, accreditation and admission processes. She has successfully raised two children and two naughty, but adorable little dogs! Julie enjoys traveling, reading, movies and all types of sports.
David Marc is an assistant professor and the chair and health informatics graduate program director in the health informatics and information management department. Currently, Dr. Marc teaches courses on healthcare data analytics and research. Dr. Marc has a master’s degree in biological sciences from the University of Minnesota and a PhD in health informatics from the University of Minnesota. He also holds a certification as a health data analyst (CHDA). Dr. Marc has extensive experience working with large healthcare datasets and analytical procedures. Dr. Marc is an active member of AMIA, AHIMA, and HIMSS and serves on various committees and taskforces within these professional organizations. Prior to working for St. Scholastica, Dr. Marc was employed at a biotech company where he applied a myriad of analytic approaches to investigate the predictive value of biomarkers for psychiatric diseases.
Dr. Marc's research interests include the evaluation of health informatics and information management workforce needs and the assessment and development of public data registries. Recent publications include:
Peer- Reviewed Publications
Trade Journals Publications
Mary Ann Marchel, Ph.D. is an associate professor in the Masters of Social Work Program. Dr. Marchel has served as a tenure-track and tenured faculty member in higher education for 20 years, most recently at the University of Minnesota Duluth. She currently teaches the research sequence in the Master of Social Work Program emphasizing micro and macro level approaches to inquiry. She received her Ph. D. in 1996 from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities and her MSW from the University of Minnesota Duluth in 2013. Prior to her doctoral work, Dr. Marchel taught for 10 years in rural and urban settings with children ages birth to eight years with disabilities. She holds Level IV endorsement as an infant and early childhood mental health specialist. Her research interests include the exploration and application of attachment theory-based approaches to intervention in behavioral health, reflective supervision for social work professionals, and fostering children’s mental health in community based settings for young children and their families. Dr. Marchel completed the Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Certificate Program (2007-09) offered through the University of Minnesota and is a member of the ZERO TO THREE Fellows Academy, currently serving as treasurer. She is certified in the Newborn Brazelton Observation System (NBOS); the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST); the Circle of Security-Parenting DVD, and trained in the administration and scoring of the Adult Attachment Interview. In addition, Dr. Marchel is a certified Infant Massage Instructor. She is passionate about global service learning and currently is working with Roving Care Providers (birth to three providers) on the island of Dominica in the Eastern Caribbean and serves as a mental health consultant with an elementary school in San Lucas Toliman, Guatemala.
Samantha started her appointment at the College of St. Scholastica in the fall of 2013. She is an assistant professor in the DPT program with current teaching responsibilities in Patient Client Management II, III, and IV, Lifespan Applications I, Lifespan Motor Development, Psychosocial Issues in Physical Therapy, Interventions I, and the PT Elective. She is also the Assistant-Director of Clinical Education for the program, working with students on their clinical internships.
Samantha is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) with section memberships in Orthopedics, Pediatrics, and Education and serves on the MN state board for physical therapy. She is an APTA credentialed clinical instructor and trainer, and is also certified in both orthopedics and pediatrics by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties. Samantha’s clinical experience includes outpatient hospital-based and private clinic orthopedics, sports, and pediatrics in the Portland, OR metro area. She also partnered with Lake Superior Community Health Center to establish a probono PT practice to work with an underserved population.
Research interests include development of student clinical reasoning skills, intra and interprofessional education, and dosage parameters for rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy.
Kim Moncel, a Superior Wisconsin native, was hired in Jan. of 2018 to serve as the Clinical Education Coordinator/Instructor in the Athletic Training program at The College of St. Scholastica. Kim served as the Head Athletic Trainer at CSS from 1999-2014 and also as an outreach athletic trainer for Essentia Health from 1997-present. In addition to her role as a college ATC, Kim spends her summers serving as a Certified Athletic Trainer for Team USA. Working with the USA Women's Baseball Team since 2005, USA Team Handball from 2010-2015 and USA Para Track since 2013. Kim also served on the medical staff for Team USA at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games in London England.
In addition to her Clinical Coordinator role Kim also teaches Health Care Administration, Therapeutic Intervention, Special Topics and Clinical classes.
Teaching responsibilities: Neuroscience, Functional Anatomy, Biomechanics, Patient Client management I, II, III, and Critical Inquiry III.
Research interests: Neurophysiology of eye movement, head movement and balance control.
Todd Neuharth joined The College of St. Scholastica in January 2014 as an assistant professor and currently serves as program director and department chair of the CAATE accredited professional master's degree program-the first of its kind in Minnesota. He was previously at Norwich University where he served as Program Director and Department Chair for 12 years. Todd has been responsible for the initial academic accreditation of two athletic training programs and the successful re-accreditation of Norwich’s program. As a clinician, Todd was Head Athletic Trainer at the University of Minnesota, Morris for 7 years and prior to that served as program director of the sports medicine/orthopedic department in a large multi-specialty clinic in Montana.
Professor Neuharth is a certified member of the NATA, a registered athletic trainer in the state of Minnesota, an American Heart Association instruction, an Impact Trained Athletic Trainer and a Certified Health Education Specialist. He has served on various committees at the state and national level; including serving as an accreditation site visitor and member of the CAATE Annual Report Committee and Site Visit Review Committee.
Ms. Oachs is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Informatics and Information Management. She earned both a Bachelor of Arts degree in Health Information Management and Master of Arts in Management at the College of St. Scholastica. Prior to beginning a career in education, she spent over fifteen years in the healthcare industry in the areas of clinical quality improvement, patient access, and information technology.
Ms. Oachs teaches undergraduate and graduate students both in the classroom and online. Courses taught consist of content related to management tools and strategies, workflow and process redesign, healthcare technology, and applied research and writing. Ms. Oachs has previously been in the role of graduate program director and is currently the undergraduate program director in the Department.
Ms. Oachs is an active member of AHIMA and currently is a commissioner on the Commission for Health Informatics and Information Management. She has been a speaker at both regional HIM association meetings as well as at AHIMA’s national educator’s conference, the Assembly on Education. She is a co-editor for the 4th edition of the premiere HIM textbook with Kathy LaTour and Shirley Eichenwald Maki.
Ms. Oachs teaching philosophy is to bring theory and academic principles into practice successfully by teaching students to think analytically and critically in the practical setting.
Dr. Jake Oestreich is a family physician serving the Twin Ports and North Shore community since 2007. He is a graduate of the University of Minnesota-Duluth School of Medicine and the Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program. Before joining the CSS PA program he practiced at the Community Health Center in Superior, WI as well as Lake View Clinic and Hospital in Two Harbors, MN. He currently practices in Silver Bay, MN one day per week. While practicing he has participated in team based healthcare with multiple physician assistants and nurse practitioners. He has also precepted for medical students, physician assistant students and nurse practitioner students. His professional interests include rural health, serving the underserved and international medicine. His personal interests revolve primarily around his wife and two young sons. They can often all be found romping in the woods on their mountain bikes or exploring the shores and rivers of Lake Superior. He will learn to surf and paraglide one of these days.
Position: Professor, Director, Transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy Program
BA Exercise Science Exercise Physiology University of MN Duluth (1993)
MPT Mayo School of Health Related Sciences (1996)
PhD University of MN Rehabilitation Sciences (2004)
Teaching: Biomechanics, Therapeutic Exercise, Musculoskeletal, Evidence Based Practice
Research: Dr. Ogston's doctoral work was in the area of shoulder biomechanics, but has recently been investigating various realms of running research in the sensorimotor lab leading various student groups along with her own projects. She is also interested in qualitative outcomes in teaching pedagogy.
Clinical Experience: Sports Medicine/Orthopedics and Pediatrics.
Professional involvement: Inducted into the Academy of Advanced Item Writers FSBPT (Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy), American Physical Therapy Association (APTA),, MNAPTA Research Committee, Journal of Sports and Orthopedic Physical Therapy reviewer
Volunteer/Community work as a PT: Courage Duluth, Hermantown Community Church, Grandmas Marathon, Inline Skate Marathon and Duluth-Superior Alpine Club, Hermantown Area Futbol Club, Hermantown Pike Lake Area Community Organization, Hermantown Youth Soccer Association
Hello, my name is Brooke Palkie and I am an Associate Professor in the Health Informatics and Information Management Department. My focus areas include Clinical Compliance, Clinical Quality Management, Assessing Healthcare Quality, and Clinical Classification Systems, Standards, and Vocabularies. As an AHIMA Approved ICD-10-CM/PCS Trainer, I have also helped the CSS Center for Healthcare Innovation build an ICD-10 online, self-paced training solution for coders: http://www.centerforhealthcareinnovation.com.
Welcome to the new academic year!
"Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to contiue that counts." Winston Churchill
Leah Prussia is a self-described “tree hugging dirt worshiper.” She has worked with diverse populations throughout her years as a clinician to assist each person find and actualize their definition of health and wellness. Professor Prussia uniquely blends teachings from Nature, Peter Levine’s Somatic Experience work, Relational Cultural Theory, and Cognitive-Behavioral approaches to address the biopsychosocial and spiritual aspects of individuals. Her background includes extensive knowledge and practice in mental health services, substance abuse, trauma, program administration, and grass roots advocacy. Due to micro, mezzo, and macro practice experience, Professor Prussia teaches the following courses for the CSS MSW Program: Assessment/Differential Diagnosis, Evidence Based Intervention/Treatment, Preparation for Field II, Field II, Foundations of Social Justice, Advanced Policy and Community Practice, Advanced Practice with Groups, and Advanced Practice: Environmental Social Work. Her education includes a Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Moorhead State University, a Master's degree in Social Work from the University of North Dakota, and she is currently pursuing a Doctorate in Social Work from St. Catherine University – University of St. Thomas. Leah is a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker in the State of Minnesota and sole proprietor of Natural Connections LLC.
Gina practiced occupational therapist for 20 years before coming to The College of Saint Scholastica in 2018. She moved from Minneapolis, MN where she served children in the public school setting since 2004. Previously she worked as an OT in long term care and in school and home settings (birth to 5) in rural Iowa and Minnesota. During her career, her passion for working with children with behavioral disorders and mental illness developed and she served students in schools with the highest behaviors in the district. Gina graduated from The College of Saint Scholastica with a BA in Health sciences in 1995 and then an MA in occupational therapy in 1997. She graduated with her doctorate from Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions in December of 2015 with a concentration in pediatrics. Her area of focus for her capstone was creating a program to teach children with emotional-behavioral disorders social skills through occupation-based activities. She has presented on the topic of social skills and creating calming spaces in a school environment nationally. Currently, she is editing a chapter she wrote for a text book of occupation-based activities for children with mental illness and/or behavioral disorders. Gina loves the outdoors and especially any activity by Lake Superior, such as swimming and hunting for agates or any other interesting looking rock. She also likes to cook, grill, entertain, travel, see movies, and spend time with her family, friends and her dog. Gina is eager to share her love and knowledge of occupational therapy with the future generation of occupational therapists
Michelle is the Social Work Program Field Director. Michelle joined the CSS faculty in 2004. Michelle is also a Child Welfare Master Trainer through the Minnesota Department of Health and Human Services; special interests include Indigenous populations and foster care.
Marcia provides social work program coordination on the CSS distant site social work campuses in the Phoenix, Arizona area, and student course instruction on the Arizona and Minnesota campus sites. Marcia graduated from the University of MN- Twin Cities campus with a B.S. in Social Work, with a concentration in child welfare and American Indian studies in 1977 and returned for her M.S.W. in 1980, specializing in children and families, and chemical dependency. She will receive her Doctorate in Education from Hamline University in the summer of 2017. She is licensed in the state of MN as an Independent Clinical Social Work practitioner. Marcia has had over thirty years of practice experience with children and families in areas of addictions, mental health, domestic violence and special needs. She has been with the C.S.S. Social Work Program for the past 23 years, having an interest in international social work practice, immigrants and refugee populations, Native American services, Veteran PTSD, and families of children with special needs.
She may be contacted through her cell# 651-247-9313.
Introduction / Background
PhD University of Minnestoa-Twin Cities
MA University of Wyoming
BA University of Wyoming
Ryan Sandefer received his PhD in Health Informatics from the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, and both his BA and MA in Political Science from the University of Wyoming.
Ryan began his career conducting research on health information exchange and telehealth at the University of Wyoming’s Center for Rural Health Research and Education. While at the University of Wyoming, Ryan served as lead researcher for the Wyoming Healthcare Commission’s health workforce study. In 2008, Ryan took a position with the College of St. Scholastica’s Center for Healthcare Innovation where he worked as research coordinator and project manager for several rural health information technology research projects, including projects related to data analytics and population health, voice recognition within the EHR, evidence-based resources at the point of care, and quality reporting directly from the EHR.
Current Roles, Associations, Affiliations
Ryan is Assistant Vice President for Academic Affairs at the College of St. Scholastica. His focus is on driving transformation in non-traditional programs through new initiatives, student learning assessment, and data analytics. He currently serves as co-chair of the College's Strategic Planning Steering Committee, he is a member of the College's Higher Learning Commission Assessment Academy Team, and he serves on the College's Data Analytics Committee. He is an Associate Professor and the past chair of the Department of Health Informatics and Information Management. He teaches Healthcare Data Analytics, Consumer Informatics, and Applied Research Methods. Ryan is an active member with the American Health Information Management Association, Health Information Management Systems Society, and the American Medical Informatics Association.
Interests / Specialties
Data Analytics, Health Informatics, Health Information Technology, Usability, HIT Implementation Best Practices
Sandefer, Ryan, Bonnie Westra, Saif Khairat, David Pieczkiewicz & Stuart Speedie. “Personal Healthcare Management: Assessing the Relationship With Chronic Disease Prevalence.” Journal of Medical Internet Research.
Sandefer, Ryan and Stuart Speedie. (2017) Discovering relationships in consumer use of personal health information: A causal modeling approach. Proceedings of Data Mining for Medical Informatics: Causal Inference for Health Data Analytics. Washington D.C.
Watters, Amy, Amy Bergstrom & Ryan Sandefer. (2016). “Patient Engagement and Meaningful Use: Assessing the Impact of the EHR Incentive Program on Cultural Competence in Healthcare.” Journal of Cultural Diversity 23(3).
Khairat, Saif, Ryan Sandefer, David Marc & Lee Pyles. (2016). “A review of biomedical and health informatics education: A workforce training framework.” Journal of Hospital Administration, 5,5.
Just, Beth, David Marc, Megan Munss & Ryan Sandefer. (2016). “Why Patient Matching Is a Challenge: Research on Master Patient Index (MPI) Data Discrepancies in Key Identifying Fields.” Perspectives in Health Information Management 13 (Spring).
Watters, Amy, Amy Bergstrom & Ryan Sandefer. “Patient Engagement and Meaningful Use: Assessing the Impact of the EHR Incentive Program on Cultural Competence in Healthcare.” Journal of Cultural Diversity 23(3).
Sarah, Tupper, Ryan Sandefer & Janelle Wapola. (2015). “Meaningful Use Audits: An Interprofessional Approach.” Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 29, 3, pp. 22-24.
Sandefer, Ryan, Bonnie Westra, David Pieczkiewicz & Stuart Speedie. (2015). “Determinants of Consumer eHealth Information Seeking Behavior.” Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium.
Sandefer, Ryan, David Marc, and Paul Kleeberg. (2015). “Meaningful Use Attestations Among US Hospitals: The Growing Rural-Urban Divide” Perspectives in Health Information Management, 12, 1f eCollection.
Sandefer, Ryan, Saif Khairat, David S. Pieczkiewicz, & Stuart M Speedie. (2015). “Using Publicly Available Data to Characterize Consumers Use of Email to Communicate with Healthcare Providers.” Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 216: pp. 401-5.
Marc, David and Ryan Sandefer. Data Analytics in Healthcare Research:Tools and Strategies (Eds.). Chicago: AHIMA Press, 2016.
We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them
Hard writing makes easy reading
Gwen Smith, MEd, RHIA is an advisor to students in our online undergraduate Health Information Management Program. In addition to her advising duties Gwen also occasionally teaches in both our undergraduate and graduate programs.
Ms. Smith received her undergraduate degree in Health Information Management from The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, in 1999. She received her Masters in Education with a concentration in Online Teaching from The College of St. Scholastica in December 2012. Her final project for her graduate degree was "The Impact Community has on Student Retention: Developing a Sense of Community Outside the Classroom Setting".
Prior to becoming an advisor to online HIM students in 2004, Gwen worked as a Health Information Services and Reimbursement Supervisor, overseeing the medical records and billing staff of SMDC Home Health (now Essentia), based in Duluth, MN. Ms. Smith played a key role in preparing the department for the conversion to the Medicare prospective payment system for home health as well as leading the Quality Improvement Committee and department QI projects. Gwen also worked for a durable medical equipment supply company in Duluth, MN. In that position she was responsible for the human resource management of the billing staff as well as participating in the quality improvement projects for the organization.
Ms. Smith is a member of the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) and the Wisconsin Health Information Management Association (WHIMA).
Ms. Spangler has a Bachelor's degree in Psychobiology, a Masters degree in Physical Therapy, and a Transitional DPT degree. She has extensive clinical experience in multiple areas, having worked in a number of different clinical settings including out patient therapy, in patient rehabilitation, and as a travelling therapist. Her main area of teaching and of clinical expertise is in neurological rehabilitation, with a special interest in the rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury.
In the Department of Physical Therapy Ms. Spangler Teaches in a variety of courses. She coordinates the neurologic rehab. courses and participates extensively in the Patient Client Management course series. Currently Ms. Spangler serves as the Chair of the PT Admissions Committee.
Beyond CSS Ms. Spangler is active with the local Habitat for Humanity chapter, and volunteers extensively in dog rescue through Retrieve A Golden of the Midwest.
Introduction / Background
BA College of St. Scholastica in 1995 - MA College of St. Scholastica in 2006
Current Roles, Associations, Affiliations
Janelle started her career holding these types of jobs: HIM consulting, operations manager and release of information specialist.Upon her arrival at St. Scholastica in 2003, she became a Technology Lead, helping to implement the academic electronic health record into the Health Sciences curriculum (The ATHENS Project). After the grant-funded, ATHENS Project was complete; Janelle became a full time faculty, teaching classes in the undergraduate program, both online and face to face.
At the College, she currently serves as the faculty advisor to the Student Health Information Management Association (SHIMA) and in the past has been on various College and department committees such as undergraduate admissions, faculty/student group and IRB.
Additionally she has been a HIT Consultant for the REACH program, serving Minnesota and North Dakota. She is also a member and regularly attends AHIMA, MHIMA and NEMHIMA.
Interests / Specialties
As she continues to be interested in the various areas associated with the (EHR): implementation, workflow redesign, privacy & security and meaningful use, she would like to seek out more opportunities for international travel in the HIM arena.
Recent Publications, Presentations and Recognitions
Co-author with Danika Brinda, MA, RHIA, of the chapter titled: Electronic Health Record: Applications in Practice.Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles and Practices (4th Ed) published by the American Health Information Management Association. This text was published in 2013.
Co-author of the textbook entitled, Using the EHR in the Physician Office Practice with two colleagues: Shirley Eichenwald-Maki, MBA, RHIA, FAHIMA and Bonnie Patterson, Ph.D., RHIA. This text was published in 2013.
Co-authored Case Study: The ATHENS Project: Advancing Technology in Healthcare Education Now at St. Scholastica published in Nursing and Informatics for the 21stCentury: An International Look at Practice, Trends and the Future, Second Edition. Edited by Charlotte A. Weaver, RN, PHD, FHIMSS; Connie White Delaney, PHD, RN, FAAN, FACMI; Patrick Weber, RN, MA, and Robyn L. Carr, RGON. Published by the Health Information Management Systems Society, Chicago, IL. 2010.
Speaker, AHIMA's Assembly on Education Annual Meeting, HIM, Meaningful Use and Extension Centers: A View from the Frontline (July 2012)
Speaker, Northeast Minnesota Health Care Forum, Personal Health Records. (June, 2012)
Participant, AHIMA Capitol Hill Day in Washington, DC. (March 2012)
Co-recipient along with the College of St. Scholastica’s ATHENS Project Team of Health Data Management Editor’s Choice Award for Innovator of the Year for the ATHENS Project, presented at the World Health Innovation and Technology Congress (WHITv4.0) Washington, DC in 2008.
While developing my teaching philosophy, I believe in emphasizing a healthy balance to life, school and work. I encourage optimism, compassion and advocacy for those in need.
A Personal Note
My personal joy is in being a mother to Tyler and Daniel and capturing life through pictures. My boys are a whirlwind of energy and knowledge and they teach me many things. The most importantly has been to stop and be in the moment! I am also excited to be a part of international travel with CSS and the HIM Department. My travels to India in January 2011 and Germany 2014 were extraordinary; visiting hospitals, villages, schools and universities. I was very fortunate to be a part of something so unique and interesting!
Ph.D. - Kinesiology (emphasis in exercise physiology)
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
M.A. - Exercise Physiology
College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota
B.S. - Marine Science (emphasis in marine geology)
Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida
Academic Appointments and Experience:
The College of St. Scholastica (Duluth, MN):
• Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology (2015 - Present)
• Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology (2008 - 2015)
• Director, Exercise Physiology Laboratories (2008 - Present)
The University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, MN):
• Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Kinesiology (2003 - 2008)
• Lab Manager, Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene and Exercise Science
(2005 - 2008)
Exercise Physiology Interest Areas:
• Strength, speed and power development
• Physiological testing and evaluation
• Cardiovascular adaptations to training
• Thermoregulation and exercise
Courses Taught at the College of St. Scholastica:
• EXP 3330 - Psychophysiology of Stress and Exercise (with lab)
• EXP 3342 - Strength Training and Conditioning
• EXP 4431 - Advanced Exercise Physiology (with lab)
• EXP 4436 - Research in Exercise Physiology
• EXP 6532 - Physiological Assessment (with lab)
• EXP 6536 - Clinical Exercise Physiology
• EXP 6538 - Exercise Testing and Electrocardiography (with lab)
• EXP 6542 - Strength Training and Conditioning (with lab)
Lead by example. Yes, it is that simple. In the field of exercise physiology I believe "practicing what you preach" is critical to being able to communicate with students on a different, and crucial, level. I have always tried to model an active and physically responsible lifestyle by exercising and being physically active beyond what is minimally recommended for health. I believe this has enabled me to connect with people in a unique way. I have personally known too many academic exercise physiologists who could have avoided such health issues as stroke, heart disease, and hypertension but instead chose the philosophy of "Do as I say, not as I do." Additionally, it has been my observation that many college professors claim to teach students how to think under the guise of "critical thinking" but instead are only interested in teaching students to think what they think. Unfortunately, many students are told they are not thinking "critically" when they disagree or don't think the way their professor does. My philosophy is to teach students how to think and not what to think. I welcome, and encourage, differing thoughts and perspectives.
I was born and raised in the Chicago area and first came to Duluth for my masters degree in exercise physiology at the College of St. Scholastica. While finishing my doctorate degree at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis I decided to return to Duluth. I am a nature enthusiast and enjoy fishing, among other outdoor pursuits. Anything related to weather or the earth sciences is very interesting to me (my undergraduate degree is in marine geology). I have been a competitive powerlifter since 1997 and remain active in the sport as a competitor, coach, meet director, referee, USA Powerlifting Executive Committee member, and state chairman of USA Powerlifting of Minnesota. It was my involvement in powerlifting that first sparked my interest in the physiology of exercise, physical activity, and sport. I also enjoy running and have completed races ranging from 5K to the marathon.
• American College of Sports Medicine
• Clinical Exercise Physiology Association
• National Strength and Conditioning Association
• USA Powerlifting
• American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM):
- Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist [RCEP]
- Clinical Exercise Specialist [CES]
- Health Fitness Specialist [HFS]
• National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA):
- Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist [CSCS]
- Certified Personal Trainer [CPT]
• USA Powerlifting (USAPL) / International Powerlifting Federation (IPF):
- Category I International Referee
• USA Track and Field (USATF):
- Level 1 Coach
• USA Weightlifting (USAW):
- Level 1 Coach
The information above is current as of August, 2015.
Dr. Watters has a doctorate in Education from Hamline University in St. Paul, MN. She completed her master's and bachelor's course work in Health Information Management, including a Certificate in Healthcare Informatics, from The College of St. Scholastica. Before moving into academia, Dr. Watters spent over 10 years in the HIM industry, working in the areas of release of information, HIM and admitting management in acute care settings, product management at a software and consulting firm, and HIPAA security at a multi-specialty physician group. She is credentialed as a Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) and was awarded Fellowship of AHIMA in 2011.
As Director of the Health Information Management Graduate Program, Dr. Watters coordinates the activities and leads the ongoing development of the graduate program. In her role as Associate Professor, she teaches courses at the graduate level, such as Foundations of Management in HIM, and Applied Project Research and Writing. She is an active member of the Minnesota Health Information Management Association, and is past-president of the Northeastern Minnesota Health Information Management Association. She has served on the AHIMA Foundation Scholarship Committee and is currently serving a 3 year term as a member of the Health Information Management Accreditation Council for the Commission on Accreditation of Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM).
Dr. Watters' personal interest lies in life-long learning, and the impact sense of community has on the learning process. She enjoys assisting students in their growth both educationally, and professionally, as each strive to reach their own personal goals. She is also interested in online learning principles, and incorporating technology in education.
Dr. Watters is co-editor and chapter co-author for the 5th edition of the textbook Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles & Practice. She previously served as editor of the Instructor Manual for the 4th edition of the textbook, and in the 3rd edition, she and her colleague, Pam Oachs, co-authored the chapter Informatics in Healthcare. She also co-authored a chapter in the textbook Data Analytics in Healthcare Research, and most recently co-authored an article in a refereed journal on the impact of the EHR Incentive Program on cultural competence in healthcare.