The School of Health Sciences will be widely recognized as a premier educator of health science professionals who are known for disciplinary excellence, multidisciplinary respect, cultural fluency and thoughtful leadership.
We want students of each profession to be at the leading edge of their discipline, to work with and respect the disciplinary knowledge of other health professionals, serve diverse human factors in different work arenas, and apply leadership principles in a values-oriented and needs-based way.
The School operates in a culture of assessment, dialogue and innovation to meet challenges and create necessary changes for developing quality health care professionals.
Email information is followed by @css.edu unless otherwise noted.
1999 M.A. (Exercise Physiology)
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN.
1990 Ph.D. (Higher Education)
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
1979 M.S. (Medical Technology)
University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND.
1976 B.A. (Medical Technology)
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN.
Larry has been teaching at the college level for over 30 years, which includes two universities, a private college and a community college. Recent courses taught include ECG and Graded Exercise Testing, Cardiovascular Physiology, Applied Exercise Physiology, and Biomechanics. Larry is the EXP Department Chair and Graduate Program Director. Larry has published five research articles in peer-reviewed journals and has written several articles for online journals.
Larry's teaching philosophy is to try to make course content real for students by including real life applications. If students can associate material with real life situations, they are more likely to understand it and remember it. His door is always open to students.
Larry is an outdoor enthusiast and thoroughly enjoys what the Duluth area has to offer in outdoor activities.
B. A. University of St. Thomas-Biology (1991)
B. S. University of Minnesota-Physical Therapy (1993)
M. S. The Ohio State Universtiy-Neurologic Rehabilitaton (2007)
Ph. D. The Ohio State University-Rehabilitation Science (2012)
Dr. Borstad teaches in the areas of neuroscience, neurologic rehabilitation, motor control, and research. She is a faculty member for the international service learning course to Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.
Dr. Borstads research has focused restoration of sensorimotor control of the upper limb following stroke. Within this broad topic she has contributed to work on the mechanisms associated with positive neuroplasticity associated with sensory rehabiltation and Constraint Induced Movement Therapy. She contributed to the development of a Virtual Reality Game for upper limb rehabilitation post stroke, called Recovery Rapids. In collaboration with colleagues in computer science she is working on the developement and validation of two measures of somatosensation.
Education: BA Biology, St. Olaf College, 1987; BS Physical Therapy, University of Minnesota, 1993; PhD Rehabilitation Science, University of Minnesota, 2004.
Scholarship: Dr. Borstad's research evaluates soft tissue alterations at the shoulder and their effects on shoulder biomechanics and he is also studying the relationships among tissue tightness, motion and pain at the shoulder. He has authored or co-authored over twenty-five peer-reviewed manuscripts, three textbook chapters and is an editor of Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques.
Teaching: Biomechanics for Physical Therapy; Musculoskeletal Science and Applications; Evidence-Based Practice in Rehabilitation; Advanced Therapeutic Progressions; Small Group Research Practicum.
Service: Dr. Borstad is engaged in state, national and international activities related to the physical therapy profession including abstract and grant reviewing and continuing education assessment. He is on the Board of Directors for St. Ann's Residence in Duluth.
Phone: (612) 325-9742
1. Introduction / Background
PhD, Capella University in Information Technology with a focus in Information Assurance and Security in 2015
BA in HIM from The College of St. Scholastica in 2003
BA in Computer Science/Information Systems from The College of St. Scholastica in 2003
MA in HIM from The College of St. Scholastica in 2006
PhD Candidate - Estimated Completion 2015
2. Current Roles, Associations, Affiliations
Danika started her career as a Director of Health Information in a LTC Facility in Minneapolis, MN. Next, she moved to Alllina Hospitals and Clinics where she worked as a HIM Supervisor, Manager of Revenue Cycle Improvement, and a Regional Manager of Health Information Management. In 2010, she joined the CSS HIIM Faculty as an Assistant Professor and a HIT Consultant for the REACH Program. Danika has served as the subject matter expert for healthcare Privacy and Security for The College of St. Scholastica and REACH. The REACH program has been successful in educating over 200 individuals on privacy and security requirements in healthcare as well as supporting with different tools.
Professionally, Danika has served on the MHIMA Board of Directors in many different role, most recently Past-President of MHIMA from 2014-2015 and Past President from 2014-2015. Danika was recently elected as a Delegate to the American Health Information Management Association's Board of Directors.
3. Interests / Specialties
Danika's interests include anything Privacy and Security related, specially related to HIPAA and HITECH. She also is very interested Information Governance, EHR implementation and Optimization, workflow redesign, physician engagement with an EHR, project management and Meaningful Use.
4. Recent Publications, Presentations and Recognitions
Co-author with Janelle Wapola, MA, RHIA, of the chapter titled: Electronic Health Record: Applications in Practice.Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles and Practices (4th Ed) published by the American Health Information Management Association. This text is scheduled for publication in 2012.
2010 Recipient of the AHIMA Triumph Award in the Rising Star Category
5. Teaching philosophy
Danika's is still working on developing her teaching philosophy
A Personal Note
I married my college sweetheart in October 2004. Together we are on the adventure of raising two little busy girls, Taylor (8) and Piper (6). I love watching my children grow and learn more each and every day. Even when life seems too much and stressful, a hug from my babies is all I need! I am a lucky mommy.
Ed.D University of Minnesota
MS in Kinesiology Indiana University
BS in Athletic Training Minnesota State University, Mankato
Dr. Amy Brugge joined The College of St. Scholastica in July 2009 as the department’s first Director of Clinical Education and is tenured as an Assistant Professor. In addition to teaching in the department and advising thesis research projects, she oversees and assess all phases of the clinical education component of the degree program. Prior to her appointment at The College, Dr. Brugge was a Lectuer/Assistant Athletic Trainer at the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, where she provided athletic training services to the men’s ice hockey and women’s soccer teams.
Dr. Brugge is a member of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association, a registered athletic trainer in Minnesota, and an American Red Cross Emergency Response Instructor. She has also completed the Graston Soft Tissue Mobilization Module-1 and Module-2 courses and Kinesio Taping Levels 1 & 2. Amy is passionate about the development of future professionals, and has previously served as the advisor for the Great Lakes Athletic Trainers’ Association (GLATA) Student Senate, for the Minnesota Athletic Trainers’ Association (MATA) Student Senate, and the St. Scholastica Health Interprofessional Program (SSHIP). She currently serves as an accreditation site visitor for the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE), as the Chair of the MATA Governmental Affairs Committee, and as a webmaster for the MATA Public Relations Committee.
Amy’s professional and research interests include clinical documentation improvement, electronic health records use in athletic training, and health informatics competence in allied health providers. Her dissertation, Athletic Training Students’ Academic Preparation in Healthcare Documentation, investigated the instruction and assessment of the documentation-related competencies in athletic training education. She currently is completing a graduate level certificate in Health Informatics in preparation for the Certified Health Data Analyst (CHDA) examination. She is passionate about advancing the athletic training profession to the use of health information technology at the point-of-care across employment settings and athletic trainers contributing to health information exchange in the U.S. healthcare system.
Dr. Cleary is a family physician who has been in practice in Grand Rapids, Minnesota since 1997. She is originally from North Dakota. She attended Macalester College and the University of Minnesota Medical School, obtaining the first 2 years of her medical education at the Duluth campus. She completed her Family Medicine residency at North Memorial Medical Center and then spent several years in Boise, Idaho before returning to northern Minnesota. While in Idaho she worked in a small family medicine practice, and then as faculty at the Family Practice Residency of Idaho. She joined the PA program as Medical Director in 2015. Her interests incude longitudinal care and clinical teaching.
Former Child Protection Division Manager for Ramsey County Community Human Services for nine years. Seventeen years in child welfare services with Ramsey County. National presentations/ workshops in Washington, California, Missouri, Arizona, Pennsylvania, Washington, DC and Maryland on disproportionality in child welfare, transformational systems change, kinship care, poverty and neglect issues and anti-racism leadership development, implementation and training. Interests include traveling, child welfare and authentic race dialogue facilitation.
Steve joined the Occupational Therapy Program at CSS as Program Director in the summer of 2013. He earned his bachelor degree from the University of Minnesota-Duluth (1980), MOT degree from Western Michigan University (1983), and ScD from Boston University-Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (1997). Prior to coming to CSS, Steve was a Professor in the Occupational Therapy Department and Director of the Rehabilitation Science Program at Concordia University Wisconsin. Steve is teaching courses related to evidence-based practice in occupational therapy. Steve’s research interests include motor control and motor learning basis of pediatric interventions including constraint-induced movement therapy, motor imagery, and intensive interventions for children with cerebral palsy.
M.A. - Exercise Physiology
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota; 2000
B.A. - Chemistry
The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota; 1979
2007 - Present: Assistant Professor
Department of Exercise Physiology, College of St. Scholastica
2003 - 2007 : Instructor
Department of Exercise Physiology, CSS
2000 - 2003 : Instructor
Department of Chemistry, CSS
1987 - 2000 : Assistant Instructor
Department of Chemistry, CSS
EXP 3323 - Sports Nutrition
EXP 3331 - Exercise Physiology
EXP 3332 - Physiological Assessment
EXP 3334 - Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation
EXP 4441 - Advanced Lab Research
EXP 6522 - Biochemistry, Nutrition and Exercise
EXP 6532 - Professional Development of Exercise Physiology
EXP 6540 - Psychophysiology of Health and Exercise
HSC 4700 - Health Care Interdisciplinary Leadership
Exercise Physiology Interest Areas:
John believes in recognizing students as individuals with unique abilities, skills and challenges. An outgrowth of this philosophy is to help them recognize and overcome their personal challenges while maximizing their knowledge and abilities and encouraging them to demonstrate the attitude and behaviors of a health care professional. This philosophy also leads to the recognition that learning takes place not only in the classroom but also in the lab and in interactions outside of formal learning situations. Programs such as the SHAPE UP personal fitness program which John developed and currently oversee, allows students to gain experience in a professional setting before their formal internship experience.
John was born and raised in Northern Minnesota and graduated with a degree in chemistry from the College of St. Scholastica. He spent most of the next decade working in chemistry labs in industry, government and academia before returning to CSS to teach and supervise labs in the chemistry department. After being diagnosed with diabetes, John entered the Master's program in exercise physiology to gain a better understanding of the disease and the affect that exercise has on it. Upon completion of the degree John was invited to teach several courses in the Department of Exercise Physiology which ultimately lead to a full-time appointment in EXP.
John tries to maintain his health and fitness through an overall exercise regimen that includes running, strength training and stretching. On a more recreational level, John stays physically active with year-round outdoor activities - in-line skating and kayaking on Lake Superior in the summer and cross-country skiing and snowshoeing when we have snow.
Cindy teaches SWK 4441 Social Work with Communities, focusing on social work with communities/macro systems. Cindi has worked for several years in community organizing projects, including East Hillside PATCH, is a CSS alumnus, and joined us in 2006.
Nancy has been an Assistant Professor in the Occupational Therapy Program at The College of St. Scholastica for 19 years. She received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Occupational Therapy from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee, and her Master of Science degree in Therapeutic Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From 2000 – 2008 Nancy worked as a consultant for the Fetal Alcohol Diagnostic Program in Duluth, MN. Prior to working at St. Scholastica, Nancy worked for 12 years as an occupational therapist with the Duluth Public Schools. Nancy’s teaching responsibilities have focused primarily on pediatric occupational therapy. In addition, Nancy has taught for four years in St. Scholastica’s Dignitas Program. Nancy’s scholarship and research interests include: the role of occupational therapy in addressing the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, occupational therapy intervention for children with handwriting needs, and occupational therapy intervention for children with sensory processing disorders.
Shawn Garvey, MS, PA-C is a physician assistant originally from Michigan and has a degree in biology from University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. She graduated from the physician assistant program at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. She began her practice in pediatrics and then family practice in rural Minnesota. Shawn joined CSS as faculty and Director of Curriculum in 2014. She has a special interest in patient education. She continues to see patients one day a week in Allergy at Essentia Health with an emphasis on telemedicine rural outreach.
"Eductation is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think. " Albert Einstein
Connie Gunderson, PhD., MSW, LISW, is an associate professor at the College of St. Scholastica. Having completed her undergraduate studies at the College of St. Scholastica, she moved and worked in Germany until 2012. She completed her MSW at the Alice Salomon Hochschule in Berlin, and received her PhD at the University of Bremen. Dr. Gunderson has worked in the field of social work for over 30 years. As an instructor, her areas of scholarly expertise include human trafficking, gender studies, and international social work research. As a relational cultural therapist, her clinical foci has been on women, trauma and addiction and addressing the needs of families. As a researcher, she has completed studies of human trafficking in Germany and the European Union. She has published books and articles addressing social issues such as human trafficking, diversity, and gender. Dr. Gunderson has international teaching and advisory partnerships with diverse universities and colleges in Europe and the United States.
Dr. Gustafson is the Social Work Department Chair and MSW Program Director. Dr. Gustafson joined CSS in 2004 as the Department. Chair; special interests include addictions, group practice, research and program evaluation
Carolyn Jahr, MS, PA-C is a physician assistant who has served the Northeastern Minnesota patient population since 2008. Prior to becoming a faculty member, she practiced in general surgery, with additional experience in colorectal, vascular, and bariatric subspecialties. She was the first PA to be employed by her surgical practice, and served as the inaugural program coordinator for a local weight loss surgery program. She has additional practice experience in an urgent care setting.
Throughout her clinical career, Carolyn has enjoyed serving as a clinical preceptor for physician assistant students, and as a mentor for individuals interested in pursuing the PA profession. Her special interests include team-based healthcare delivery and PA practice integration. She resides locally with her husband and two daughters, and is a graduate of the Springfield College Physician Assistant Program in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Dr. Killough’s teaching areas in the entry level program include Cardiopulmonary Evaluation and Management, Physiological Response to Injury and Exercise, Systems Screening and Management I, Patient Client Management I and II, Multiple Systems, Geriatric Evaluation and Management. In the tDPT her teaching areas are Diagnostic Imaging and Differential Systems Screening.
Kathy has been with the Physical Therapy program since 2005. She earned her AAS in Health Information in 2000 along with her Registered Health Information Technician certification. Kathy has a wide range of record management in various fields including Child Protection, Dialysis, OP Clinic, and Long Term Care. She currently works as the Administrative Assistant for the department ensuring that faculty and students have the support they need to achieve program goals and outcomes.
Teaching Responsibilities: Current responsibilities include: Examination and Evaluation I & II; Musculoskeletal Evaluation and Management; Multi-System Evaluation and Managment; and Patient Client Management III and IV.
Research Interests: Pain science, clinical reasoning, neurodynamics, mobilization/manipulation, soft skills (e.g. motivational interviewing and therapeutic relationships) and tissue loading/progression in rehabilitation.
Professional: Mr. Kittelson is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), the American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapists (AAOMPT), and an APTA orthopaedic and education section member. He is an orthopedic certified specialist (OCS) as certified by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, and a certified orthopedic manual therapist (COMT) for the extremities. He is currently (2016-2017) an orthopedic residency mentor for Evidence in Motion (EIM).
Clinical experience: Primarily outpatient outpatient orthopedics. Experience in these other areas of practice: inpatient and outpatient neurological, home health care, inpatient/acute care, skilled nursing facilities, vestibular rehabilitation,and occupational medicine/industry.
Dr. Kim Kruger is a family physician who has been educating medical professionals since 2000. She grew up in New Ulm, MN and attended Gustavus Adolphus College. She received her medical doctorate from the University of MInnesota Medical School and completed her residency in family medicine at St. John's Hospital in Maplewood, Minn. She enjoyed practicing rural family medicine for many years in Buffalo and Cokato, MN before joining the faculty at the University of Minnesota-Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program in 2004. After 10 years as faculty and program director, she joined the CSS faculty as inaugural chairperson of the Physician Assistant program in 2014. She completed her MBA in 2014 at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. She is passionate about women's health, geriatrics and rural medicine.
M.A., Physical Therapy - The College of St. Scholastica, 2001
DPT, Physical Therapy - The College of St. Scholastica, 2012
Dalerie started a full time appointment with the physical therapy department in 2010. Areas of clinical expertise include vestibular rehabilitation and integration of Pilates based exercise with rehabilitation. She completed American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) competency based training in vestibular rehabilitation at Emory University and advanced APTA competency training at Duke University. She currently practices at Essentia Polinsky providng vestibular rehabilition. Additionally, Ms. Lieberz has completed over 100 hours of training in Pilates exercise methods including completion of Stott mat and reformer coursework. Ms. Lieberz is an active member of the APTA and recognized as a Geriatric Clinical Specialist (GCS).
Dalerie is the Director of Clinical Education which involves coordinating integrated clinical experiences and community based internships for DPT students. Her primary teaching responsibilities within the DPT program involve coordinating the four course Patient Client Management Series (PCM I-IV). The PCM series is offered across the 1st and 2nd years of the DPT program, emphasizing integration of didactic course work and application of clinical skills to patients, which provides students with opportunities to develop competency prior to clinical internships. Dalerie is responsible for organizing the pro bono student PT clinic on campus. Additionally, she is responsible for placing students in full time internships and following students while progressing with internships. She is an APTA credentialed clinical instructor. Other teaching responsibilities in Physical Therapy include vestibular rehabilitation.
Julie is a Duluth-area native who comes to CSS after 30 years as the Program Manager at the Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program in Duluth, Minn. Her skills include curriculum development, budget management, student and faculty recruitment, accreditation and admission processes. She has successfully raised two children and two naughty, but adorable little dogs! Julie enjoys traveling, reading, movies and all types of sports.
David Marc is an assistant professor and the health informatics graduate program director. Currently, Dr. Marc teaches courses on the foundations of health informatics, human factors and usability assessment, data analytics, and research design. Dr. Marc has a master’s degree in biological sciences from the University of Minnesota and a PhD in health informatics from the University of Minnesota. He also holds a certification as a health data analyst (CHDA). Dr. Marc has extensive experience working with large healthcare datasets and analytical procedures. Dr. Marc is an active member of AMIA, AHIMA, and HIMSS and serves on various committees and taskforces within these professional organizations. Prior to working for St. Scholastica, Dr. Marc was employed at a biotech company where he applied a myriad of analytic approaches to investigate the predictive value of biomarkers for psychiatric diseases.
Mary Ann Marchel, Ph.D. is an associate professor in the Masters of Social Work Program. Dr. Marchel has served as a tenure-track and tenured faculty member in higher education for 20 years, most recently at the University of Minnesota Duluth. She currently teaches the research sequence in the Master of Social Work Program emphasizing micro and macro level approaches to inquiry. She received her Ph. D. in 1996 from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities and her MSW from the University of Minnesota Duluth in 2013. Prior to her doctoral work, Dr. Marchel taught for 10 years in rural and urban settings with children ages birth to eight years with disabilities. She holds Level IV endorsement as an infant and early childhood mental health specialist. Her research interests include the exploration and application of attachment theory-based approaches to intervention in behavioral health, reflective supervision for social work professionals, and fostering children’s mental health in community based settings for young children and their families. Dr. Marchel completed the Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Certificate Program (2007-09) offered through the University of Minnesota and is a member of the ZERO TO THREE Fellows Academy, currently serving as treasurer. She is certified in the Newborn Brazelton Observation System (NBOS); the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST); the Circle of Security-Parenting DVD, and trained in the administration and scoring of the Adult Attachment Interview. In addition, Dr. Marchel is a certified Infant Massage Instructor. She is passionate about global service learning and currently is working with Roving Care Providers (birth to three providers) on the island of Dominica in the Eastern Caribbean and serves as a mental health consultant with an elementary school in San Lucas Toliman, Guatemala.
Dr. Marden-Lokken, an experienced clinician and academician, is an assistant professor in the DPT program. Her teaching responsibilities include PTH 6405 Professionalism in Physical Therapy, PTH 6513 Lifespan Motor Development, PTH 6910 and 7911 Patient/Client Management I and II, PTH 7545 and 7546 Neuromuscular Evaluation and Management I and II, PTH 6410 PT Administration I, and content in PTH 6521 Physical Therapy Examination and Evaluation II. She is co-lead for the program’s four-course series on professional behavior development. Dr. Marden-Lokken’s scholarly agenda focuses on questions related to rehabilitation of individuals with neuromuscular dysfunction, and more recently on assessment of students’ development of professional behaviors.
Dr. Marden-Lokken has served the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) on a state and national level, having been on the MNAPTA Board of Directors, a MN delegate to the APTA House of Delegates (HOD), chief delegate to the APTA HOD, and most recently is Vice-President of the MN Board of Physical Therapy. In that capacity, Dr. Marden-Lokken has served as a delegate and alternate delegate to the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSPBT), is a member of the Licensure and Administration Committees, and Chair of the Continuing Education Committee and Continued Competency Task Force.
Ms. Marden-Lokken has 38 years of experience focusing on neurorehabilitation. She has presented numerous workshops on topics related to evaluation and treatment of individuals with neurologic dysfunction and practices in neurorehabilitation areas.
Samantha started her appointment at the College of St. Scholastica in the fall of 2013. She is an assistant professor in the DPT program with current teaching responsibilities in Patient Client Management II, III, and IV, Lifespan Applications I, Lifespan Motor Development, Psychosocial Issues in Physical Therapy, Interventions I, and the PT Elective. She is also the Assistant-Director of Clinical Education for the program, working with students on their clinical internships.
Samantha is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) with section memberships in Orthopedics, Pediatrics, and Education and serves on the MN state board for physical therapy. She is an APTA credentialed clinical instructor and is also certified in both orthopedics and pediatrics by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties. Samantha’s clinical experience includes outpatient hospital-based and private clinic orthopedics, sports, and pediatrics in the Portland, OR metro area. She also partners with Lake Superior Community Health Center to establish a probono PT practice where she works with an underserved population.
Research interests include development of student clinical reasoning skills, intra and interprofessional education, and dosage parameters for rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy.
Teaching responsibilities: Neuroscience, Functional Anatomy, Biomechanics, Patient Client management I, II, III, and Critical Inquiry III.
Research interests: Neurophysiology of eye movement, head movement and balance control.
Ms. Oachs is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Informatics and Information Management. She earned both a Bachelor of Arts degree in Health Information Management and Master of Arts in Management at the College of St. Scholastica. Prior to beginning a career in education, she spent over fifteen years in the healthcare industry in the areas of clinical quality improvement, patient access, and information technology.
Ms. Oachs teaches undergraduate and graduate students both in the classroom and online. Courses taught consist of content related to management tools and strategies, workflow and process redesign, healthcare technology, and applied research and writing. Ms. Oachs has previously been in the role of graduate program director and is currently the undergraduate program director in the Department.
Ms. Oachs is an active member of AHIMA and currently is a commissioner on the Commission for Health Informatics and Information Management. She has been a speaker at both regional HIM association meetings as well as at AHIMA’s national educator’s conference, the Assembly on Education. She is a co-editor for the 4th edition of the premiere HIM textbook with Kathy LaTour and Shirley Eichenwald Maki.
Ms. Oachs teaching philosophy is to bring theory and academic principles into practice successfully by teaching students to think analytically and critically in the practical setting.
Dr. Jake Oestreich is a family physician serving the Twin Ports and North Shore community since 2007. He is a graduate of the University of Minnesota-Duluth School of Medicine and the Duluth Family Medicine Residency Program. Before joining the CSS PA program he practiced at the Community Health Center in Superior, WI as well as Lake View Clinic and Hospital in Two Harbors, MN. He currently practices in Silver Bay, MN one day per week. While practicing he has participated in team based healthcare with multiple physician assistants and nurse practitioners. He has also precepted for medical students, physician assistant students and nurse practitioner students. His professional interests include rural health, serving the underserved and international medicine. His personal interests revolve primarily around his wife and two young sons. They can often all be found romping in the woods on their mountain bikes or exploring the shores and rivers of Lake Superior. He will learn to surf and paraglide one of these days.
Dr. Jena Ogston received her Master's of Physical Therapy degree from Mayo Medical Center's School of Health Related Sciences in 1996. She then worked as a clinician in a sports medicine setting for 7 years prior to accepting a full-time position in the College of St. Scholastica's Physical Therapy program in 2002. She completed her PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of Minnesota with a focus in shoulder biomechanics and quantitative research methods. Her focus of teaching within the program is in Biomechanics, Interventions, Musculoskeletal and Critical Inquiry consistently incorporating active learning and open-discussion methods. She is currently practicing clinically through the campus student health service. Off-campus, Jena is active in the MN APTA presenting occasionally at state conferences and serving as a member on the Research Committee. In 2007, Jena was inducted into the Academy of Advanced Item Writers through the FSBPT (Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy). She is the current program director of the Transitional Doctorate of Physical Therapy Program,
Hello, my name is Brooke Palkie and I am an Associate Professor in the Health Informatics and Information Management Department. My focus areas include Clinical Compliance, Clinical Quality Management, Assessing Healthcare Quality, and Clinical Classification Systems, Standards, and Vocabularies. As an AHIMA Approved ICD-10-CM/PCS Trainer, I have also helped the CSS Center for Healthcare Innovation build an ICD-10 online, self-paced training solution for coders: http://www.centerforhealthcareinnovation.com.
Welcome to the new academic year!
"Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to contiue that counts." Winston Churchill
Leah Prussia is a self-described “tree hugging dirt worshiper.” She has worked with diverse populations throughout her years as a clinician to assist each person find and actualize their definition of health and wellness. Professor Prussia uniquely blends teachings from Nature, Peter Levine’s Somatic Experience work, Relational Cultural Theory, and Cognitive-Behavioral approaches to address the biopsychosocial and spiritual aspects of individuals. Her background includes extensive knowledge and practice in mental health services, substance abuse, trauma, program administration, and grass roots advocacy. Due to micro, mezzo, and macro practice experience, Professor Prussia teaches the following courses for the CSS MSW Program: Assessment/Differential Diagnosis, Evidence Based Intervention/Treatment, Preparation for Field II, Field II, Foundations of Social Justice, Advanced Policy and Community Practice, Advanced Practice with Groups, and Advanced Practice: Environmental Social Work. Her education includes a Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Moorhead State University, a Master's degree in Social Work from the University of North Dakota, and she is currently pursuing a Doctorate in Social Work from St. Catherine University – University of St. Thomas. Leah is a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker in the State of Minnesota and sole proprietor of Natural Connections LLC.
Michelle is the Social Work Program Field Director. Michelle joined the CSS faculty in 2004. Michelle is also a Child Welfare Master Trainer through the Minnesota Department of Health and Human Services; special interests include Indigenous populations and foster care.
Marcia provides social work program coordination on the CSS distant site social work campuses in the Phoenix, Arizona area, and student course instruction on the Arizona and Minnesota campus sites. Marcia graduated from the University of MN- Twin Cities campus with a B.S. in Social Work, with a concentration in child welfare and American Indian studies in 1977 and returned for her M.S.W. in 1980, specializing in children and families, and chemical dependency. She will receive her Doctorate in Education from Hamline University in the summer of 2017. She is licensed in the state of MN as an Independent Clincial Social Work practitioner. Marcia has had over thirty years of practice experience with children and families in areas of addictions, mental health, domestic violence and special needs. She has been with the C.S.S. Social Work Program for the past 23 years, having an interest in international social work practice, immigrants and refugee populations, Native American services, Veteran PTSD, and families of children with special needs.
Introduction / Background
Watters, Amy, Amy Bergstrom & Ryan Sandefer. “Patient Engagement and Meaningful Use: Assessing the Impact of the EHR Incentive Program on Cultural Competence in Healthcare.” Journal of Cultural Diversity 23(3).
Khairat, Saif, Ryan Sandefer, David Marc & Lee Pyles. (2016). “A review of biomedical and health informatics education: A workforce training framework.” Journal of Hospital Administration, 5,5.
Just, Beth, David Marc, Megan Munss & Ryan Sandefer. (2016). “Why Patient Matching Is a Challenge: Research on Master Patient Index (MPI) Data Discrepancies in Key Identifying Fields.” Perspectives in Health Information Management 13 (Spring).
Sarah, Tupper, Ryan Sandefer & Janelle Wapola. (2015). “Meaningful Use Audits: An Interprofessional Approach.” Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 29, 3, pp. 22-24.
Sandefer, Ryan, Bonnie Westra, David Pieczkiewicz & Stuart Speedie. “Determinants of Consumer eHealth Information Seeking Behavior.” (2015). Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium.
Sandefer, Ryan, David Marc, and Paul Kleeberg. (2015). “Meaningful Use Attestations Among US Hospitals: The Growing Rural-Urban Divide” Perspectives in Health Information Management, 12, 1f eCollection.
Marc, David and Ryan Sandefer. Data Analytics in Healthcare Research:Tools and Strategies (Eds.). Chicago: AHIMA Press, 2016.
Gwen Smith, MEd, RHIA is an advisor to students in our online undergraduate Health Information Management Program. In addition to her advising duties Gwen also occasionally teaches in both our undergraduate and graduate programs.
Ms. Smith received her undergraduate degree in Health Information Management from The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, in 1999. She received her Masters in Education with a concentration in Online Teaching from The College of St. Scholastica in December 2012. Her final project for her graduate degree was "The Impact Community has on Student Retention: Developing a Sense of Community Outside the Classroom Setting".
Prior to becoming an advisor to online HIM students in 2004, Gwen worked as a Health Information Services and Reimbursement Supervisor, overseeing the medical records and billing staff of SMDC Home Health (now Essentia), based in Duluth, MN. Ms. Smith played a key role in preparing the department for the conversion to the Medicare prospective payment system for home health as well as leading the Quality Improvement Committee and department QI projects. Gwen also worked for a durable medical equipment supply company in Duluth, MN. In that position she was responsible for the human resource management of the billing staff as well as participating in the quality improvement projects for the organization.
Ms. Smith is a member of the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) and the Wisconsin Health Information Management Association (WHIMA).
Ms. Spangler has a Bachelor's degree in Psychobiology and a Masters degree in Physical Therapy. She has extensive clinical experience in multiple areas, having worked in a number of different clinical settings including out patient therapy, in patient rehabilitation, and as a travelling therapist. Her main area of teaching and of clinical expertise is in neurological rehabilitation, with a special interest in the rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury.
In the Department of Physical Therapy Ms. Spangler Teaches in a variety of courses. She coordinates the neurologic rehab. courses and participates extensively in the Patient Client Management course series. Currenlty Ms. Spangler serves as the Chair of the PT Admissions Committee.
Beyond CSS Ms. Spangler is active on the Board of Directors of the local Habitat for Humanity chapter, and volunteers extensively in dog rescue through Retrieve A Golden of Minnesota.
Dr. Swanson joined the DPT faculty as an Assistant Professor in 2008. Her current teaching responsibilities include PTH 6520/PTH 6521: Physical Therapy Examination and Evaluation I & II; PTH 6530 and 6531: Interventions I and II; PTH 6482: Critical Inquiry III; PTH 7518:Systems Screening & Management II; PTH 7540: Cardiopulmonary Evaluation & Management I; PTH 8890 Elective. She is also a member of the adjunct faculty in the Department of Athletic Training. The focus of her research activities includes the investigation of clinical and biomechanical profiles of female athletes with and without patellofemoral pain, biomechanics of the lower extremity, functional assessment of ACL reconstructed knees, and force and pressure measurements and distribution patterns of LE during running. Areas of clinical interest include patellofemoral pain, pelvifemoral instability, biomechanical evaluation of the pelvis and lower extremity, shoulder rehabilitation, and Sports Medicine for the elite level athlete.
Dr. Swanson is an active member of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), the Minnesota chapter of the APTA, and is a member of the Sports, Research, and Education sections of the APTA. Prior to receiving her MPT degree, Dr. Swanson spent 10 years as a Division I Athletic Trainer at the University of Minnesota and Florida State University. Her area of clinical expertise is in the areas of Sports Medicine and Orthopaedics. Prior clinical experiences include: clinical supervisor and clinical specialist at University Orthopaedics (University of Minnesota); clinical specialist at PDR-Midway, St. Paul, MN; Head Athletic Trainer at the University of Minnesota and Florida State University and has had athletic training experiences at the Division I College level as well as National, International and Olympic levels of competition.
Introduction / Background
BA College of St. Scholastica in 1995 - MA College of St. Scholastica in 2006
Current Roles, Associations, Affiliations
Janelle started her career holding these types of jobs: HIM consulting, operations manager and release of information specialist.Upon her arrival at St. Scholastica in 2003, she became a Technology Lead, helping to implement the academic electronic health record into the Health Sciences curriculum (The ATHENS Project). After the grant-funded, ATHENS Project was complete; Janelle became a full time faculty, teaching classes in the undergraduate program, both online and face to face.
At the College, she currently serves as the faculty advisor to the Student Health Information Management Association (SHIMA) and in the past has been on various College and department committees such as undergraduate admissions, faculty/student group and IRB.
Additionally she has been a HIT Consultant for the REACH program, serving Minnesota and North Dakota. She is also a member and regularly attends AHIMA, MHIMA and NEMHIMA.
Interests / Specialties
As she continues to be interested in the various areas associated with the (EHR): implementation, workflow redesign, privacy & security and meaningful use, she would like to seek out more opportunities for international travel in the HIM arena.
Recent Publications, Presentations and Recognitions
Co-author with Danika Brinda, MA, RHIA, of the chapter titled: Electronic Health Record: Applications in Practice.Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles and Practices (4th Ed) published by the American Health Information Management Association. This text was published in 2013.
Co-author of the textbook entitled, Using the EHR in the Physician Office Practice with two colleagues: Shirley Eichenwald-Maki, MBA, RHIA, FAHIMA and Bonnie Patterson, Ph.D., RHIA. This text was published in 2013.
Co-authored Case Study: The ATHENS Project: Advancing Technology in Healthcare Education Now at St. Scholastica published in Nursing and Informatics for the 21stCentury: An International Look at Practice, Trends and the Future, Second Edition. Edited by Charlotte A. Weaver, RN, PHD, FHIMSS; Connie White Delaney, PHD, RN, FAAN, FACMI; Patrick Weber, RN, MA, and Robyn L. Carr, RGON. Published by the Health Information Management Systems Society, Chicago, IL. 2010.
Speaker, AHIMA's Assembly on Education Annual Meeting, HIM, Meaningful Use and Extension Centers: A View from the Frontline (July 2012)
Speaker, Northeast Minnesota Health Care Forum, Personal Health Records. (June, 2012)
Participant, AHIMA Capitol Hill Day in Washington, DC. (March 2012)
Co-recipient along with the College of St. Scholastica’s ATHENS Project Team of Health Data Management Editor’s Choice Award for Innovator of the Year for the ATHENS Project, presented at the World Health Innovation and Technology Congress (WHITv4.0) Washington, DC in 2008.
While developing my teaching philosophy, I believe in emphasizing a healthy balance to life, school and work. I encourage optimism, compassion and advocacy for those in need.
A Personal Note
My personal joy is in being a mother to Tyler and Daniel and capturing life through pictures. My boys are a whirlwind of energy and knowledge and they teach me many things. The most importantly has been to stop and be in the moment! I am also excited to be a part of international travel with CSS and the HIM Department. My travels to India in January 2011 and Germany 2014 were extraordinary; visiting hospitals, villages, schools and universities. I was very fortunate to be a part of something so unique and interesting!
Ph.D. - Kinesiology (emphasis in exercise physiology)
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
M.A. - Exercise Physiology
College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota
B.S. - Marine Science (emphasis in marine geology)
Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida
Academic Appointments and Experience:
The College of St. Scholastica (Duluth, MN):
• Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology (2015 - Present)
• Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology (2008 - 2015)
• Director, Exercise Physiology Laboratories (2008 - Present)
The University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, MN):
• Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Kinesiology (2003 - 2008)
• Lab Manager, Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene and Exercise Science
(2005 - 2008)
Exercise Physiology Interest Areas:
• Strength, speed and power development
• Physiological testing and evaluation
• Cardiovascular adaptations to training
• Thermoregulation and exercise
Courses Taught at the College of St. Scholastica:
• EXP 3330 - Psychophysiology of Stress and Exercise (with lab)
• EXP 3342 - Strength Training and Conditioning
• EXP 4431 - Advanced Exercise Physiology (with lab)
• EXP 4436 - Research in Exercise Physiology
• EXP 6532 - Physiological Assessment (with lab)
• EXP 6536 - Clinical Exercise Physiology
• EXP 6538 - Exercise Testing and Electrocardiography (with lab)
• EXP 6542 - Strength Training and Conditioning (with lab)
Lead by example. Yes, it is that simple. In the field of exercise physiology I believe "practicing what you preach" is critical to being able to communicate with students on a different, and crucial, level. I have always tried to model an active and physically responsible lifestyle by exercising and being physically active beyond what is minimally recommended for health. I believe this has enabled me to connect with people in a unique way. I have personally known too many academic exercise physiologists who could have avoided such health issues as stroke, heart disease, and hypertension but instead chose the philosophy of "Do as I say, not as I do." Additionally, it has been my observation that many college professors claim to teach students how to think under the guise of "critical thinking" but instead are only interested in teaching students to think what they think. Unfortunately, many students are told they are not thinking "critically" when they disagree or don't think the way their professor does. My philosophy is to teach students how to think and not what to think. I welcome, and encourage, differing thoughts and perspectives.
I was born and raised in the Chicago area and first came to Duluth for my masters degree in exercise physiology at the College of St. Scholastica. While finishing my doctorate degree at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis I decided to return to Duluth. I am a nature enthusiast and enjoy fishing, among other outdoor pursuits. Anything related to weather or the earth sciences is very interesting to me (my undergraduate degree is in marine geology). I have been a competitive powerlifter since 1997 and remain active in the sport as a competitor, coach, meet director, referee, USA Powerlifting Executive Committee member, and state chairman of USA Powerlifting of Minnesota. It was my involvement in powerlifting that first sparked my interest in the physiology of exercise, physical activity, and sport. I also enjoy running and have completed races ranging from 5K to the marathon.
• American College of Sports Medicine
• Clinical Exercise Physiology Association
• National Strength and Conditioning Association
• USA Powerlifting
• American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM):
- Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist [RCEP]
- Clinical Exercise Specialist [CES]
- Health Fitness Specialist [HFS]
• National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA):
- Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist [CSCS]
- Certified Personal Trainer [CPT]
• USA Powerlifting (USAPL) / International Powerlifting Federation (IPF):
- Category I International Referee
• USA Track and Field (USATF):
- Level 1 Coach
• USA Weightlifting (USAW):
- Level 1 Coach
The information above is current as of August, 2015.
Dr. Watters has a doctorate in Education from Hamline University in St. Paul, MN. She completed her master's and bachelor's course work in Health Information Management, including a Certificate in Healthcare Informatics, from The College of St. Scholastica. Before moving into academia, Dr. Watters spent over 10 years in the HIM industry, working in the areas of release of information, HIM and admitting management in acute care settings, product management at a software and consulting firm, and HIPAA security at a multi-specialty physician group. She is credentialed as a Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) and was awarded Fellowship of AHIMA in 2011.
As Director of the Health Information Management Graduate Program, Dr. Watters coordinates the activities and leads the ongoing development of the graduate program. In her role as Associate Professor, she teaches courses at the graduate level, such as Foundations of Management in HIM, and Applied Project Research and Writing. She is an active member of the Minnesota Health Information Management Association, and is past-president of the Northeastern Minnesota Health Information Management Association. She has served on the AHIMA Foundation Scholarship Committee and is currenlty serving a 3 year term as a member of the Health Information Management Accreditation Council for the Commission on Accreditation of Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM).
Dr. Watters' personal interest lies in life-long learning, and the impact sense of community has on the learning process. She enjoys assisting students in their growth both educationally, and professionally, as each strive to reach their own personal goals. She is also interested in online learning principles, and incorporating technology in education.
Dr. Watters is co-editor and chapter co-author for the 5th edition of the textbook Health Information Management: Concepts, Principles & Practice. She previously served as editor of the Instructor Manual for the 4th edition of the textbook, and in the 3rd edition, she and her colleague, Pam Oachs, co-authored the chapter Informatics in Healthcare. She also co-authored a chapter in the textbook Data Analytics in Healthcare Research, and most recently co-authored an article in a refereed journal on the impact of the EHR Incentive Program on cultural competence in healthcare.