The College of St. Scholastica
1200 Kenwood Avenue
Duluth, MN 55811
TTY/TDD: (218) 723-6790
Kara Thoemke, Ph.D.
Science Center, Room 2129
Fast Facts: Biology
Major: 32 credits
Minor: 22 credits
The biology department maintains a strong commitment to undergraduate research and interested students may complete a laboratory-based research project under the guidance of a faculty mentor. In addition to on campus opportunities, students in this program have obtained internships at a number of sites, including Hartley Nature Center, the Great Lakes Aquarium, Natural Resources Research Institute (NRRI), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Mid-Continent Ecology Lab. Students also may apply to participate in summer research programs at locations across the country sponsored by the National Science Foundation.
Students in this program have gone on to positions in both the public and private sectors, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Peace Corps, and various healthcare, biomedical and biotechnolgy facilities. Others have gone on to medical school or to pursue graduate degrees in such fields as Public Health, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, Microbiology and Immunology, and Ecology.
Become a biology teacher by pairing this program with the middle/secondary education major. Learn more.
Boost your brain power and give yourself a competitive edge in our global economy by pairing your major with a language. St. Scholastica offers programs and courses in American Sign Language, French, German, Latin, Ojibwe, Russian and Spanish.
Here are some classes you could take as part of this major or minor. Please note that you would not necessarily need all of these courses to fulfill a major or minor. This list doesn't include general education courses. Be sure to create your course plan in consultation with your advisor.
Discussion of environmental problems which have developed through man's impact on nature: water resources, food supply, overpopulation and pollution problems are stressed.
Survey course covering a broad range of topics in the life sciences from cell structure and function to ecology. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. This course is not counted toward the biology major, but may be counted for the minor.
Studies of evolutionary science amd its impact on human understanding. You will read a variety of popular science texts and view leading scientists discussing their work and its implications. These will touch on both the history of evolutionary thought and contemporary issues (environment, science, religious conflicts, public policy). In the course of discussions, we will: 1) Investigate the scientific method, 2) Make distinctions among fact, theory, speculation, and belief, 3) Critique different explanations for the same events/observations, and make judgments regarding their accuracy.
Study of living systems with particular emphasis on the molecular, cellular levels of organization within the various kingdoms of life. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. This course is required of all biology majors.
Advanced application of concepts presented in General Biology I with focus on the study of population genetics, evolution, ecology, plant biology and animal diversity. Current topics in biology are also investigated, including the genetic modification of organisms and the impact of global climate change on living systems. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110.This course is required of all biology majors.
Study of the general mechanisms of disease at the cellular and molecular levels, including abnormalities of fluid distribution, the inflammatory process, abnormal immune mechanisms, and neoplastic disease, followed by an application of the basic principles of pathologic processes to diseases of the neurologic, endocrine, reproductive, hematologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal and digestive systems. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology.
Study of the events concerning the creation of the solar system, earth and life. The evolutionary history of life and the processes of natural selection will be emphasized. Follow Earth’s 4.6 billion year history as it unfolds, producing from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and wonderful. Prerequisite: Must be in second year or higher in college. Recommended for all Biology Majors.
Development of vertebrate animals with emphasis on anatomical development in humans. Coursework includes the differentiation of tissues of all major body systems. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/ Physiology.
A survey course of the contemporary and traditional field methods used by biologists. Topics include techniques used in the areas of entomology, floristics, ornithology, mammalogy and mapping. 4 hour lab course. Prerequisite: Bio 1110 and 1120.
Introduction to systematics of vascular plants with emphasis on identification of woody plants, representative families, terminology and use of taxonomic keys. 2 class hours, 4-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
A thorough investigation of viral biology from the perspective of both the virus and host cell. Topics covered include viral structure and classification, interactions between the virus and host cell, methods of virology, viral diseases, viral oncogenesis, and therapeutic uses of viruses.
Study of classical and molecular genetics, gene interaction, linkage and population genetics. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120. This course is required of all biology majors.
Study of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and viruses to include membranes, receptor proteins, organelles, cytoskeleton, sorting and trafficking, cellular communication, the extracellular matrix, and experimental methods. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
Aging changes evident in humans as the result of time interacting with molecular mechanisms of biological systems. Current knowledge of these mechanisms will be examined, followed by an application of the basic principles of biological aging to the systems of the body. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/ Physiology.
Chemical systems of control of physiologic processes in the vertebrate animal with emphasis on the human. Pathologic activities will be included to the extent that they increase understanding of normal function. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology and biochemistry.
Study of tissue structure of vertebrates with emphasis on the human. Principles of basic tissue construction will be applied to studies of the major body systems. Photomicrographs on videodisc will accompany lecture presentations. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology.
Study of the polymerase chain reaction with emphasis on STRs and DNA sequencing with analysis based on agarose gel electrophoresis and fluorescent capillary electrophoresis. This course will provide a solid background for students pursuing graduate school, clinical disease diagnosis, forensics and paternity testing. Prerequisite: BIO 3500 and instructor permission.
Current molecular biology research techniques, hypothesis testing and communication of results. Topics may include molecular cloning, plasmid isolation, restriction digest analysis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and DNA sequencing. Prerequisite: Bio 3500 and instructor permission.
Study of the basic principles of ecology, interrelationships and identification of plants and animals making up principal communities of this region, the dynamic balance of communities and the productivity of natural resources. The course includes a research experience. 3 class hours, 3-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
An introduction to the basic questions and study of animal behavior. From an evolutionary perspective we investigate the adaptive value of behaviors such as foraging, communication, predator avoidance, dispersal, sociality, parental investment and mating systems, among other topics. Laboratory work, including an independent research project, under field conditions emphasizes the measurement and analysis of animal behavior.
First in a two-semester sequence of courses including a semi-quantitative study of functions of the nervous system, musculoskeletal system and the circulatory system of humans. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology and Pathophysiology.
Continuation of BIO 4210/5210 that includes a semi-quantitative study of functions of the body defense system, respiratory system, renal system, digestive system and reproductive system of humans. Prerequisite: BIO 4210/5210.
Introduces atomic and molecular structure, bonding, stoichiometry, gas laws, chemical periodicity, and equilibrium. Prerequisite: high school chemistry and appropriate placement test score.
Studies solutions, equilibria, coordination chemistry, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, kinetics, nuclear chemistry, and qualitative analysis. Prerequisite: C- or higher in CHM 1110.
Introduces structure, properties, and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols, alkyl halides, and ethers. Prerequisite: C- or higher in CHM 1120.
Introduces the structure, properties, and reactions of aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, aromatic compounds, amines, phenols, carbohydrates, amino acids as well as infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy techniques. Prerequisite: C- or higher in CHM 2200.
Studies the structure and role of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids in metabolism. Emphasizes protein structure and function, enzyme operation, metabolic pathways and their cellular role and regulation. Prerequisite: C- or higher in CHM 2210.
Limits, continuity and fundamental theory of differentiation, symbolic and numerical calculations of derivatives, applications of derivatives; definite integrals and Riemann sums. Prerequisite: Precalculus or ACT Math score of at least 29.
Covers algebra-based general physics including Newtonian mechanics (motion, force, energy, momentum), harmonic motion, fluids, and thermodynamics. Students must have ease and familiarity with basic algebraic and trigonometric techniques. Includes one 2-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A grade of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) or better in College Algebra (MATH 1111) or a C or better in a more advanced college math course or a math ACT score of 24 or higher or by permission of the instructor.
Continues the study of algebra-based general physics including content in electricity and magnetism, geometric optics, sound and light waves, and selected topics in modern physics. Includes one 2-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A grade of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) or better in PSC 2001.
Covers basic statistical concepts and methods useful in conducting research and evaluating results of studies done by others. Topics include frequency distributions and graphs, measures of central tendency and variability, transformed scores, correlations, multiple regression, hypothesis testing (t test, analysis of variance, and chi square), selection of appropriate statistics, calculation with MS Excel spreadsheets and SPSS, interpretation of the "results" sections of journal articles, and numeracy (understanding and using numbers in decision-making). Prerequisite: competence in arithmetic.
"I have always had a fascination with how living organisms work. And within my first two years here, I had already taken courses involving the human body, microorganisms, genetics and evolution, to name a few. For me, this wide range of course material makes learning fascinating and exciting."
– Meagan Robinson, ‘15